Hyper-Pigmentation and Melasma
Hyper-pigmentation or dark spots, is a significant issue with 90% of adults over the age of 45. it's unattractive appearance can have a physiological negative impact on an individual and it is perhaps the main reason why clients seek de-pigmentation treatments.
What is Hyper-Pigmentation?
Pigmentation (melanin) is what gives our skin its colour and it is also our biological sun protector.
Hyper-pigmentation of the skin is caused by the abnormal production of melanin. The melanin is produced in the cells called melanocyes, for many reasons some melanocytes overproduce melanin, therefore causing irregular discolouration and dark spots.
Hyper-Pigmentation can be caused by:
Excessive sun exposure
Inflammation or trauma
Exposure to chemicals
Types of Hyper-Pigmentation?
Melasma - Also known as Chloasma and ‘pregnancy mask’. Men can also be affected, as well as users of oral contraceptives or hormonal replacement therapy (HRT)
Solar Lentigo - Oval or round spots found in 30 years plus and in lighter skins
Senile Lentigo - Oval or round spots found in 50 year plus, due to the accumulation effect of the sun.
Ephelidis (freckles) - Small, flat pigmented spots found on very fair skins with blond or red hair.
PIH (post inflammatory hyper-pigmentation) - Most common in dark skins and the result of a skin lesion, trauma to the skin or the user of photo sensitising drugs.