Hyper-Pigmentation and Melasma


Hyper-pigmentation or dark spots, is a significant issue with 90% of adults over the age of 45. it's unattractive appearance can have a physiological negative impact on an individual and it is perhaps the main reason why clients seek de-pigmentation treatments.

What is Hyper-Pigmentation?


Pigmentation (melanin) is what gives our skin its colour and it is also our biological sun protector.

Hyper-pigmentation of the skin is caused by the abnormal production of melanin. The melanin is produced in the cells called melanocyes, for many reasons some melanocytes overproduce melanin, therefore causing irregular discolouration and dark spots.

Hyper-Pigmentation can be caused by:

Genetic tendencies

Excessive sun exposure

Inflammation or trauma

Hormonal changes


Exposure to chemicals

Certain medication

Types of Hyper-Pigmentation?



Also known as Chloasma and ‘pregnancy mask’. Men can also be affected, as well as users of oral contraceptives or hormonal replacement therapy (HRT)

Solar Lentigo

Oval or round spots found in 30 years plus and in lighter skins

Senile Lentigo

Oval or round spots found in 50 year plus, due to the accumulation effect of the sun.

Ephelidis (freckles)

Small, flat pigmented spots found on very fair skins with blond or red hair.

PIH (post inflammatory hyper-pigmentation)

Most common in dark skins and the result of a skin lesion, trauma to the skin or the user of photo sensitising drugs. 

© 2020 by Westeast Design

Follow for more updates

  • Facebook
  • Instagram

Ground Floor Suite
53 Wimpole Street
London W1G 8YH

T / 020 7935 3399

M / 078 1769 5140

Contact Lorraine for more information