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©2018 by Lorraine Avanessian Skin Therapist

Hyper-Pigmentation and Melasma 

Hyper-pigmentation or dark spots is a significant issue with 90% of adults over the age of 45 because of it's unattractive appearance and its physiological negative impact it can have on an individual.

WHAT IS HYPER-PIGMENTATION?

Pigmentation (melanin) is what gives our skin its colour and it is also our biological sun protector.

Hyper-pigmentation of the skin is caused by the abnormal production of melanin, the melanin is produced in the cells called melanocyes, for many reasons some melanocytes overproduce melanin, therefore causing irregular discolouration and dark spots.

WHAT CAUSES HYPER-PIGMENTATION?

Hyper-pigmentation can be caused by the following:

Genetic tendencies

Sun exposure

Inflammation

Hormonal changes

Ageing

Exposure to chemicals

Photosensitising medication

TYPES OF HYPER-PIGMENTATION

Melasma - commonly affects pregnant woman, users of oral contraceptives or users of hormonal replacement therapy (HRT)

Solar lentigo - oval or round spots found in 30 years plus and in lighter skins

Senile lentigo - oval or round spots found in 50 year plus, due to the accumulation effect of the sun.

Ephelides (freckles) - small, flat pigmented spots found on very fair skins with blond or red hair.

PIH (post inflammatory hyper-pigmentation) - Most common in dark skins and the result of a skin lesion, trauma to the skin or the user of photo sensitising drugs. 

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